An acquired brain injury (ABI) is brain damage that occurs any time after a person is born. There are 2 types of ABI; traumatic and non‐traumatic.
Currently acquired brain injuries impact approximately 1.5 million Canadians, with 160,000 additional people experiencing an ABI every year, and the numbers continue to rise.
The brain is the body’s control center. The brain controls our movements, thoughts, feelings, senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell), and communication (what we say or write to others, how we understand what others are saying, how we read).
What happens when the brain is injured?
The effects of brain injuries can be immediately apparent while some may increase/decrease over time. Each individual will experience unique challenges and changes including:
In many cases the profound effect on intellectual functioning may not be readily apparent. Cognitive, emotional, speech, and behavioural problems are often prolonged and can affect the individual and family more than the related physical disability. Recovery from brain injury ranges from potentially total dependence, to total independence, depending upon the type and severity of the injury.
The processing of new information may be affected. The brain takes longer to understand messages as they come in; what we see, hear and think, and how we move our limbs and body. Storing new information becomes difficult; the brain has a harder time learning new things. Some information becomes permanently lost; the brain can lose recent or past memories.
Some of the effects of Acquired Brain Injury are:
For more information:
Ontario Brain Injury Association: http://obia.ca/
Brain Injury Association of London and Region: http://www.braininjurylondon.on.ca/
Brain Injury Canada: https://www.braininjurycanada.ca/